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Adams Elderberry

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Adams Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis ‘Adams’) A large, vigorous shrub with attractive clusters of small, white flowers in spring followed by large, edible purplish-black berries, good for jams and wine, quite coarse in winter; very adaptable, survives with minimal care, can sucker occasionally.

York Elderberry is not self-pollinating and will require a different variety of Elderberry nearby to produce fruit. Wasco Nursery recommends alternating between York Elderberry and Adams Elderberry for mass plantings.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
10 feet
Average Landscape Width:
12 feet
Growth Rate:
fast
Genus:
Sambucus
Species:
nigra
Cultivar:
Eiffel01
Flower Color:
white
Flower Period:
in early summer
Summer Foliage Color:
black
Minimum Light:
partial shade
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
average
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Plant Form:
columnar
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Pollution Tolerance:
high
Other Species Names:
Common Elder
Branching:
multi-stemmed
Flower Bud Color:
rose
Flower Fragrance:
high

Ornamental Features

Adams American Elder features showy clusters of lightly-scented creamy white flowers held atop the branches in early summer. It features an abundance of magnificent deep purple berries with black overtones in early fall. It has dark green deciduous foliage. The compound leaves turn yellow in fall.

Landscape Attributes

Adams American Elder is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

Planting & Growing

Adams American Elder will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. This variety requires a different selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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