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American Hornbeam

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A beautiful and underused native woodland tree; very interesting gray bark is almost muscular in appearance, makes a strong winter statement; also excellent blend of fall colors and curious hop-like fruit; good small multipurpose shade tree

Characteristics

Species:
caroliniana
Other Species Names:
Blue Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood, Water Beech
Average Landscape Height:
20 feet
Average Landscape Width:
15 feet
Genus:
Carpinus
Branching:
decurrent
Plant Form:
round
Canopy:
low
Growth Rate:
slow
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Fall Color:
orange
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

The American Hornbeam has forest green deciduous foliage on a tree with a round habit of growth. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding orange in the fall. It produces small clusters of tan hop-like fruit from early fall to late winter. The smooth silvery blue bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

The American Hornbeam is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

The American Hornbeam will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is an amazingly adaptable plant, tolerating both dry conditions and even some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

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