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Betony

Category:

Betony has masses of beautiful spikes of pink flowers rising above the foliage from early to late summer, which emerge from distinctive purple flower buds, and which are most effective when planted in groupings. Its large tomentose oval leaves remain forest green in color throughout the season.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
12 inches (18 inches with the flowers)
Average Landscape Width:
18 inches
Growth Rate:
fast
Genus:
Stachys
Species:
officinalis
Flower Color:
pink
Flower Period:
from early to late summer
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Minimum Light:
partial shade
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Maximum Moisture:
average
Plant Form:
upright spreading
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
cut back in fall
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Branching:
herbaceous
Spacing:
15 inches
Flower Bud Color:
purple

Ornamental Features

Betony has masses of beautiful spikes of pink flowers rising above the foliage from early to late summer, which emerge from distinctive purple flower buds, and which are most effective when planted in groupings. Its large tomentose oval leaves remain forest green in color throughout the season.

Landscape Attributes

Betony is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Betony will grow to be about 12 inches tall at maturity extending to 18 inches tall with the flowers, with a spread of 18 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 15 inches apart. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 5 years. As an herbaceous perennial, this plant will usually die back to the crown each winter, and will regrow from the base each spring. Be careful not to disturb the crown in late winter when it may not be readily seen!

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to dry locations, and dislikes excessive moisture. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by division.

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