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Canadian Hemlock

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A delicate and beautiful conifer of the Eastern forests, with soft needles and an open habit of growth, upright and broadly conical, also makes a great hedge; needs adequate moisture, rich, acidic and organic soils and shelter from drying winds. Also known by the name “Eastern Hemlock”.

Characteristics

Species:
canadensis
Other Species Names:
Canadian Hemlock, Eastern Hemlock
Average Landscape Height:
45 feet
Average Landscape Width:
20 feet
Genus:
Tsuga
Branching:
excurrent (tgc)
Evergreen:
1
Plant Form:
pyramidal
Canopy:
low
Growth Rate:
slow
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average

Ornamental Features

Canadian Hemlock is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has dark green evergreen foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

Canadian Hemlock is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

Planting & Growing

Canadian Hemlock will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

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