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Cardinal Dogwood

Category:

An excellent general purpose shrub for northern landscapes, very hardy; good fall color, and bright red stems show up well against the winter snow; can actually grow quite large, plan well ahead

Characteristics

Species:
sericea
Other Species Names:
C.stolonifera, Red-Osier
Average Landscape Height:
8 feet
Average Landscape Width:
10 feet
Genus:
Cornus
Cultivar:
Cardinal
Branching:
multi-stemmed
Plant Form:
round
Canopy:
closed
Growth Rate:
fast
Pruning:
can prune at anytime
Flower Color:
cream
Flower Period:
in late spring
Summer Foliage Color:
green
Fall Color:
brick red
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
partial shade
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Pollution Tolerance:
high

Ornamental Features

Cardinal Dogwood has clusters of creamy white flowers at the ends of the branches in late spring. It has green deciduous foliage. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. It produces white berries in late summer. The cherry red branches are extremely showy and add significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Cardinal Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Cardinal Dogwood will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It is an amazingly adaptable plant, tolerating both dry conditions and even some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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