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Common Flowering Quince

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Common Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa): Get ready for a fiery spring! Common Flowering Quince bursts into profuse blooms in shades of orange and red. Though it may lose some of its ornamental appeal during the rest of the year, this sprawling shrub can be tamed with regular pruning to keep it looking impressive.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
8 feet
Average Landscape Width:
8 feet
Growth Rate:
medium
Genus:
Chaenomeles
Species:
speciosa
Flower Color:
red
Flower Period:
in early spring
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Plant Form:
round
Canopy:
closed
Pruning:
prune after flowering
Pollution Tolerance:
high
Other Species Names:
Common Quince
Branching:
multi-stemmed
Density:
dense
Flower Form:
cup

Ornamental Features

Common Flowering Quince has red cup-shaped flowers along the branches in early spring before the leaves. It has dark green deciduous foliage which emerges red in spring. The glossy oval leaves do not develop any appreciable fall color. The fruits are showy yellow pomes displayed in mid fall. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.

This plant is primarily grown as an ornamental, but it's also valued for its edible qualities. The bitter fruit is most often used in the following ways:

Landscape Attributes

Common Flowering Quince is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Common Flowering Quince will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 8 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

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