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Copper Beech

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Copper Beech (Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea’) – A magnificent accent tree with lustrous bronze-purple foliage all season long, making it the most stately specimen. This tree is quite particular about growing conditions and requires rich soil and significant moisture. It needs lots of room to spread.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
30 feet
Average Landscape Width:
20 feet
Growth Rate:
slow
Genus:
Fagus
Species:
sylvatica
Cultivar:
Cuprea
Summer Foliage Color:
copper
Fall Color:
harvest
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
average
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Other Species Names:
Common Beech, European Beech
Branching:
decurrent
Density:
dense

Ornamental Features

Copper Beech is primarily valued in the landscape for its decidedly oval form. It has attractive coppery-bronze deciduous foliage which emerges deep purple in spring. The serrated pointy leaves are highly ornamental and turn an outstanding harvest gold in the fall. The smooth silver bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Copper Beech is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Copper Beech will grow to be about 30 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.

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