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Cornelian Cherry Dogwood

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A versatile small tree for many landscape applications; features bright yellow flowers in very early spring before the leaves and bright red berries in summer, neat habit of growth, but some suckering

Characteristics

Species:
mas
Average Landscape Height:
20 feet
Average Landscape Width:
15 feet
Genus:
Cornus
Branching:
multi-stemmed
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
low
Growth Rate:
medium
Pruning:
prune after flowering
Flower Color:
yellow
Flower Period:
from late winter to early spring
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
partial shade
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood has clusters of yellow flowers along the branches from late winter to early spring before the leaves. It has dark green deciduous foliage. The pointy leaves do not develop any appreciable fall color. It produces red berries from early to mid summer. The peeling brown bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

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