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Dwarf Balsam Fir

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Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea ‘Nana’) A dark green evergreen shrub with a mounded habit, suitable for use as garden detail or in a rock garden; prefers moist, acidic soils but should do well in most garden soils, best in full sun

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
2 feet
Average Landscape Width:
3 feet
Growth Rate:
slow
Genus:
Abies
Species:
balsamea
Summer Foliage Color:
light green
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
only prune new growth
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Branching:
decurrent
Evergreen:
1
Density:
dense

Ornamental Features

Dwarf Balsam Fir is a dwarf conifer which is primarily valued in the garden for its ornamental globe-shaped form. It has dark green evergreen foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

Dwarf Balsam Fir is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

Planting & Growing

Dwarf Balsam Fir will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for sandy, acidic soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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