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Dwarf Chinkapin Oak

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Dwarf Chinkapin Oak (Quercus prinoides) – A small tree / large shrub that has very jagged-edged leaf, similar to the Chinkapin Oak (Quercus  muehlenbergii). Prefers lots of direct light and dry or average soil. It does not like to be planted close by large trees.


Average Landscape Height:
12 feet
Average Landscape Width:
8 feet
Growth Rate:
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Fall Color:
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
Maximum Moisture:
Plant Form:
late winter pruning

Ornamental Features

Dwarf Chinkapin Oak has dark green deciduous foliage on a tree with a round habit of growth. The serrated narrow leaves turn coppery-bronze in fall.

Landscape Attributes

Dwarf Chinkapin Oak is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Chinkapin Oak will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 60 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. This species is native to parts of North America.