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European Beech

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A stately tree with a spreading habit of growth and stunning golden brown fall color, exceptionally beautiful all year round. Slow growing, but can get large due to its long lifespan.

Characteristics

Species:
sylvatica
Other Species Names:
Common Beech
Average Landscape Height:
30 feet
Average Landscape Width:
20 feet
Genus:
Fagus
Branching:
decurrent
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
low
Density:
dense
Growth Rate:
slow
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Fall Color:
harvest
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

European Beech is primarily valued in the landscape for its decidedly oval form. It has dark green deciduous foliage which emerges light green in spring. The serrated pointy leaves turn an outstanding harvest gold in the fall. The smooth silver bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

European Beech is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

European Beech will grow to be about 30 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This species is not originally from North America.

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