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European Larch

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European Larch (Larix decidua) -A tall, dense coniferous tree with deciduous needles, starting bright green in spring and turning brilliant gold in fall; prefers moist locations and light soils; can look a little odd in winter without needles, but simply shines the other three seasons

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
60 feet
Average Landscape Width:
30 feet
Growth Rate:
medium
Genus:
Larix
Species:
decidua
Summer Foliage Color:
green
Fall Color:
gold
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
average
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Plant Form:
pyramidal
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
best if not pruned
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Other Species Names:
Common Larch
Branching:
excurrent
Density:
open

Ornamental Features

European Larch is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has rich green deciduous foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needle-like leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The rough gray bark and gold branches add an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

European Larch is an open deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

Planting & Growing

European Larch will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is not originally from North America.

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