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Firespire® American Hornbeam

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An exciting, narrower, more upright form of this native tree; very interesting gray bark is almost muscular in appearance, makes a strong winter statement; excellent orange-red fall color and curious hop-like fruit; a great shade tree for smaller areas

Characteristics

Species:
caroliniana
Other Species Names:
Blue Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood, Water Beech
Average Landscape Height:
20 feet
Average Landscape Width:
10 feet
Genus:
Carpinus
Cultivar:
J.N. Upright
Branching:
decurrent
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
low
Growth Rate:
slow
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Fall Color:
orange
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

Firespire® American Hornbeam has forest green deciduous foliage on a tree with an oval habit of growth. The serrated pointy leaves turn an outstanding orange in the fall. It produces small clusters of tan hop-like fruit from early fall to late winter. The smooth silvery blue bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Firespire® American Hornbeam is a deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Firespire® American Hornbeam will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is an amazingly adaptable plant, tolerating both dry conditions and even some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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