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Firespire® American Hornbeam

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Firespire® American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Upright’)An exciting, narrower, more upright form of this native tree; very interesting gray bark is almost muscular in appearance, makes a strong winter statement; excellent orange-red fall color and curious hop-like fruit; a great shade tree for smaller areas

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Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
20 feet
Average Landscape Width:
10 feet
Growth Rate:
slow
Genus:
Carpinus
Species:
caroliniana
Cultivar:
J.N. Upright
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Fall Color:
orange
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Maximum Moisture:
wet
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
low
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Other Species Names:
Blue Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood, Water Beech
Branching:
decurrent

Ornamental Features

Firespire® American Hornbeam has forest green deciduous foliage on a tree with an oval habit of growth. The serrated pointy leaves turn an outstanding orange in the fall. It produces small clusters of tan hop-like fruit from early fall to late winter. The smooth silvery blue bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Firespire® American Hornbeam is a deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Firespire® American Hornbeam will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is an amazingly adaptable plant, tolerating both dry conditions and even some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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