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Japanese Spurge

Category:

A highly regarded evergreen groundcover, exceptional performance in deep shade, actually dislikes hot sun, one of the few that does well beneath mature shade trees; prefers highly organic, acidic soils, will benefit from snow cover in colder regions

Characteristics

Species:
terminalis
Average Landscape Height:
12 inches
Average Landscape Width:
24 inches
Genus:
Pachysandra
Branching:
herbaceous
Evergreen:
1
Plant Form:
spreading
Canopy:
closed
Density:
dense
Growth Rate:
slow
Pruning:
should not need pruning
Flower Color:
white
Flower Period:
in mid spring
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Maximum Light:
partial shade
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average
Pollution Tolerance:
high

Ornamental Features

Japanese Spurge features tiny spikes of white flowers rising above the foliage in mid spring. Its glossy narrow leaves remain forest green in color throughout the year.

Landscape Attributes

Japanese Spurge is a dense herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Japanese Spurge will grow to be about 12 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. Its foliage tends to remain dense right to the ground, not requiring facer plants in front. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years. As an evegreen perennial, this plant will typically keep its form and foliage year-round.

This plant does best in partial shade to shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for poor, acidic soils, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America. It can be propagated by division.

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