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Moraine Sweet Gum

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A tall, shapely shade tree with interestingly shaped leaves that turn brilliant red and purple in fall; somewhat particular about growing conditions, hardier than the species; fruit is spiny and can be somewhat messy, use where this will not be a problem

Characteristics

Species:
styraciflua
Other Species Names:
American Sweet Gum
Average Landscape Height:
40 feet
Average Landscape Width:
25 feet
Genus:
Liquidambar
Cultivar:
Moraine
Branching:
excurrent
Plant Form:
oval
Canopy:
high
Growth Rate:
fast
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Summer Foliage Color:
forest green
Fall Color:
red
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

Moraine Sweet Gum has forest green deciduous foliage on a tree with an oval habit of growth. The lobed palmate leaves turn an outstanding red in the fall. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up.

Landscape Attributes

Moraine Sweet Gum is a deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Moraine Sweet Gum will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a high canopy of foliage that sits well above the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is very fussy about its soil conditions and must have rich, acidic soils to ensure success, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the foliage in alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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