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Solomon’s Seal

Category:

A woodland must with pleated deep green leaves and dangling tubular flowers borne under the leaves, followed by bluish-black inedible fruit; great for shady rock gardens and woodlands

Characteristics

Species:
humile
Other Species Names:
Japanese Solomon's Seal
Average Landscape Height:
8 inches
Average Landscape Width:
24 inches
Genus:
Polygonatum
Branching:
herbaceous
Plant Form:
spreading
Canopy:
closed
Density:
dense
Growth Rate:
medium
Pruning:
spring cleanup
Spacing:
20 inches
Flower Color:
white
Flower Form:
bell
Flower Fragrance:
medium
Flower Period:
in late spring
Summer Foliage Color:
green
Maximum Light:
partial shade
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average
Pollution Tolerance:
high

Ornamental Features

Solomon's Seal features dainty lightly-scented nodding white bell-shaped flowers dangling from the stems in late spring. Its glossy pointy leaves remain green in color throughout the season. The fruits are showy indigo drupes displayed in mid summer.

Landscape Attributes

Solomon's Seal is a dense herbaceous perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Solomon's Seal will grow to be about 8 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 20 inches apart. Its foliage tends to remain low and dense right to the ground. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years. As an herbaceous perennial, this plant will usually die back to the crown each winter, and will regrow from the base each spring. Be careful not to disturb the crown in late winter when it may not be readily seen!

This plant does best in partial shade to shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. It can be propagated by division.

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