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Sycamore

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Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) – A common riverbank tree in eastern North America, with a large, spreading habit of growth, interesting leaves, and beautiful creamy white mottled bark; large and imposing, a great shade tree for larger landscapes; somewhat susceptible to disease.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
50 feet
Average Landscape Width:
40 feet
Growth Rate:
medium
Genus:
Platanus
Species:
occidentalis
Summer Foliage Color:
green
Fall Color:
copper
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
average
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Plant Form:
upright spreading
Canopy:
high
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Pollution Tolerance:
medium
Other Species Names:
American Planetree, Buttonwood
Branching:
decurrent

Ornamental Features

Sycamore has rich green deciduous foliage on a tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. The large serrated lobed leaves turn coppery-bronze in fall. The mottled silver bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Sycamore is a deciduous tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

Planting & Growing

Sycamore will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy of foliage that sits well above the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 100 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America.

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