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Tuliptree

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Great shade tree for urban areas with limited space. The tuliptree is low mess and tolerant of adverse conditions like high soil pH & limited space. Flowers offer very nice late spring interest. Flower quantity will increase with maturity.

Characteristics

Species:
tulipifera
Other Species Names:
Tulip Magnolia, Yellow Poplar, Whitewood
Average Landscape Height:
50 feet
Average Landscape Width:
25 feet
Genus:
Liriodendron
Branching:
excurrent
Plant Form:
pyramidal
Canopy:
high
Density:
dense
Growth Rate:
fast
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Flower Color:
butter
Flower Eye Color:
yellow
Flower Form:
cup
Flower Period:
from mid to late spring
Summer Foliage Color:
lawn green
Fall Color:
gold
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average

Ornamental Features

Tuliptree has buttery yellow cup-shaped flowers with yellow eyes and orange centers held atop the branches from mid to late spring. It has emerald green deciduous foliage. The square leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The furrowed gray bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Tuliptree is a dense deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Tuliptree will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 90 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in rich soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. This species is native to parts of North America.

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