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Virginia Creeper

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A popular, tough and hardy vine for screening, excellent along fences and arbors, up the sides of houses or climbing trees; features interesting five-lobed leaves that turn red and purple in fall, small black berries; self-clinging, extremely adaptable

Characteristics

Species:
quinquefolia
Other Species Names:
Woodbine
Average Landscape Height:
40 feet
Average Landscape Width:
24 inches
Genus:
Parthenocissus
Branching:
multi-stemmed
Plant Form:
spreading
Canopy:
climber
Density:
dense
Growth Rate:
fast
Pruning:
can prune at anytime
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Fall Color:
red
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
shade
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Pollution Tolerance:
high

Ornamental Features

Virginia Creeper has dark green deciduous foliage which emerges brick red in spring on a plant with a spreading habit of growth. The serrated palmate leaves turn an outstanding red in the fall.

Landscape Attributes

Virginia Creeper is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous woody vine with a twining and trailing habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Virginia Creeper will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. As a climbing vine, it tends to be leggy near the base and should be underplanted with low-growing facer plants. It should be planted near a fence, trellis or other landscape structure where it can be trained to grow upwards on it, or allowed to trail off a retaining wall or slope. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years.

This woody vine performs well in both full sun and full shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is native to parts of North America.

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