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White Oak

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White Oak (Quercus alba) – A massive and stately shade tree with an artistic, wide-spreading habit of growth and good fall color, only for the largest of landscapes; extremely tough but rather slow growing, plant for the enjoyment of future generations.

Characteristics

Average Landscape Height:
50 feet
Average Landscape Width:
45 feet
Growth Rate:
slow
Genus:
Quercus
Species:
alba
Summer Foliage Color:
dark green
Fall Color:
purple
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Moisture:
dry
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Plant Form:
round
Canopy:
high
Pruning:
late winter pruning
Pollution Tolerance:
high
Branching:
decurrent
Density:
dense

Ornamental Features

White Oak has dark green deciduous foliage which emerges rose in spring on a tree with a round habit of growth. The glossy lobed leaves turn an outstanding purple in the fall. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

White Oak is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

White Oak will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. It has a high canopy of foliage that sits well above the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is native to parts of North America.

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