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Yellowwood

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A beautiful but somewhat fussy small tree with very show cascading panicles of white flowers in spring, good habit of growth all year round; makes an ideal accent or shade tree for smaller properties; tends to flower profusely every second year

Characteristics

Species:
lutea
Other Species Names:
American Yellowwood, C. kentukea, C. tinctoria
Average Landscape Height:
45 feet
Average Landscape Width:
45 feet
Genus:
Cladrastis
Branching:
decurrent
Plant Form:
round
Canopy:
low
Density:
open
Growth Rate:
medium
Pruning:
prune after flowering
Flower Color:
white
Flower Form:
pea
Flower Fragrance:
high
Flower Period:
from mid to late spring
Summer Foliage Color:
light green
Fall Color:
yellow
Maximum Light:
full sun
Minimum Light:
full sun
Maximum Moisture:
moist
Minimum Moisture:
average
Pollution Tolerance:
medium

Ornamental Features

Yellowwood is blanketed in stunning panicles of fragrant white pea-like flowers hanging below the branches from mid to late spring. It has light green deciduous foliage which emerges chartreuse in spring. The compound leaves turn yellow in fall. The smooth silver bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Yellowwood is an open deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

Planting & Growing

Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This species is native to parts of North America.

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